What is required to do a title change?

The grid below highlights the documents your state requires.

As you check your state’s title change requirements, keep in mind:
  • Some states require title transfers and registration at the same time. If your state does, you’ll need to consider additional documents and fees for registration purposes.
  • Even if your state doesn’t require you to register the vehicle at the same time, it may still require typical registration-related documents, such as proof of insurance and the previous owner’s registration certificate, during the title transfer.
  • Most states that require an Odometer Disclosure Statement or for the seller to record the odometer reading on the back of the title only do so if the used car is fewer than 10 years old; however, it’s a good idea to record this information regardless and for the seller to check that it’s accurate.
  • If the vehicle still has a lien, you’ll need to provide related paperwork.
Note that this grid only addresses the title change requirements for the buying and selling process of a used car. If you need to conduct a title transfer because you’ve gifted, donated, or inherited a vehicle, or if you need to know how to handle a title change once you’ve satisfied your auto loan and are ready to remove your lienholder from the car title, you’ll need to contact your state motor vehicle agency.

You’ll also need to check with your state motor vehicle agency if you have questions about titling nontraditional passenger vehicles, such as commercial vehicles, farm vehicles, or any vehicle belonging to a fleet (such as a work-for-hire vehicle).

Also be sure to handle your title transfer in a timely manner. Maintaining your car title information is crucial for registration and registration renewal, as well as any other buying and selling transactions and clearing yourself of any responsibility for the sold vehicle.

Title Transfer Application Completed Title Bill of Sale Odometer Disclosure Statement Emissions Inspection Certificate ID Fees and/or Taxes
Alabama
x
x
x
x
Alaska
x
x
x
x
Arizona
x
x
x
Seller completes Sold Notice on back of registration.
Arkansas
x
x
x
x
x
In some situations, seller provides buyer with Permission to Issue a Replacement Title.
California
x
x
x
x
x
Colorado
x
x
x
x
x
x
Connecticut
x
x
x
x
x
Delaware
x
x
x
x
Buyer needs proof of insurance and two proofs of residency; seller and buyer complete a Seller's Report of Sale.
Florida
x
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; buyer needs proof of insurance.
Georgia
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; emissions testing only in certain counties; buyer needs proof of insurance and Certificate of Inspection.
Hawaii
x
x
x
x
Record odometer readin on title; seller needs a Notice of Transfer.
Idaho
x
x
x
x
x
Buyer needs VIN Certification and Power of Attorney form if applying by mail.
Illinois
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; buyer needs tax form RUT-50.
Indiana
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; buyer needs SSN verification.
Iowa
x
x
x
Kansas
x
x
x
x
Buyer needs proof of insurance.
Kentucky
x
x
x
x
x
Buyer needs proof of insurance.
Louisiana
x
x
x
x
x
Seller needs a Notice of Transfer.
Maine
x
x
x
Buyer needs proof of insurance.
Maryland
x
x
x
x
x
x
Buyer needs proof of insurance and Certificate of Inspection.
Massachusetts
x
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; state-licensed insurance agent must sign application.
Michigan
x
x
Minnesota
x
x
Seller needs an Affidavit of Sale; buyer needs proof of insurance.
Mississippi
x
x
x
x
Missouri
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; seller submits a Notice of Sale or Bill of Sale.
Montana
x
x
x
x
Nebraska
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; buyer needs an inspection certificate if vehicle is purchased out of state.
Nevada
x
x
x
x
Emissions inspection only for certain counties; buyer needs proof of insurance.
New Hampshire
x
x
x
Record odometer readin on title.
New Jersey
x
x
x
Buyer needs proof of insurance and driver's license number.
New Mexico
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Emissions inspections for vehicles newer than 1975; buyer needs driver's license, proof of insurance, and two proofs of residency.
New York
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; buyer and seller complete a Statement of Transaction.
North Carolina
x
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; seller provides buyer with Damage Disclosure Statement; buyer needs proof of insurance and emissions inspection only if registering.
North Dakota
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; seller provides buyer with Damage Disclosure Statement if vehicle is fewer than nine years old.
Ohio
x
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title.
Oklahoma
x
x
x
x
x
Buyer needs proof of insurance.
Oregon
x
x
x
x
x
Pennsylvania
x
x
x
Buyer nees Form MV-4ST from DMV.
Rhode Island
x
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; buyer submits Use Tax Form; buyer submits emissions inspection only if registering.
South Carolina
x
x
x
x
Complete a bill of sale if the car was titled before June 19, 1989; buyer needs proof of insurance.
South Dakota
x
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; complete Damage Disclosure Form if vehicle is fewer than seven years old; seller completes Report of Sale.
Tennessee
x
x
x
x
x
x
Buyer needs proof of residency and emissions inspection only if the county requires it.
Texas
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; buyer needs proof of insurance.
Utah
x
x
x
x
x
Buyer provides seller with emissions, safety, and registration certificates.
Vermont
x
x
x
x
x
Virginia
x
x
x
x
x
Bill of sale if vehicle is older than five years and Supplemental Information for Procurement of Title if vehicle is five years or newer; buyer needs proof of address.
Washington
x
x
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; emissions requirements vary by area.
West Virginia
x
x
x
x
x
Wisconsin
x
x
x
x
Wyoming
x
x
x
x
x
Record odometer on title; certain situations require Damage Disclosure Forms.
Washington DC
x
x
x
x
Record odometer reading on title; buyer needs proof of residency.

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